Theory of Change (TOC)
Heifer Nepal’s work is guided by its Theory of Change with focus on five major domains of development (in figure below). The physical aspects when combined with social aspects produces multiplier effect, accelerating development process and scaling up impact.
Social capital - Social capital when combined with women empowerment provides a strong foundation for empowering communities and building their capacities for increased productivity and ability to compete in the market.
Women empowerment - Women represent their family in Heifer’s programs through Self Help Groups (SHGs), which are the foundation of community institution development. Families gain easy access to credit and market when these SHGs are federated into Cooperatives.
Increased income and assets - Heifer’s program focuses on goat and dairy value chains, resulting in increased productivity, total production and their marketing. On the next level, Heifer supports farmers’ institutions such as cooperatives and business hubs for mutually beneficial business relationship and fair share of profit.
Food security and nutrition - Increased income is then supplemented with training on nutrition to achieve food security and healthy communities.
Environment - As part of Heifer’s clean environment initiative, its programs promote environment friendly farm practices such as fodder/forage plantation and zero grazing and off farm practices such as construction of improved cooking stoves, bio-gas and hygienic toilets.
Pro-poor Wealth Creating Value Chains (PPWCVC)
Heifer’s program combines Values-Based Holistic Community Development (VBHCD) with market development mechanism to create a mutually beneficial linkage and business relationship which integrate poor and vulnerable groups in the value chain network in an equitable and fair manner. Competitiveness is achieved through philanthropic support to build the capacity of smallholder farmers to enable them to become strong players in the market.